দাড়ি কর বা beard tax

দাড়ি কর

পৃথিবীতে কত বিচিত্র পথাই চালু ছিল। মানব সভ্যতা কিভাবে কিভাবে বিকশিত হয়েছে। জেনে অবাক হতে হয়।সেই সময়ে শাসকরা মনে যা আসতো তাই চাপিয়ে মানুষের ওপর।তখন সমাজে নানা রকমের করের প্রচলন ছিল।ওই করের উদেশ্য শূধু রাজস্ব আদায় নয়।করে প্রয়োগ করে রাজা আর প্রজার পার্থক্য গড়ে তোলা।

১৭০৫ সালে রাশিয়ার পিটার দ্য গ্রেট দাড়ি রাখার ওপর কর আরোপ করে।সেই সময়ে রাশিয়ান সমাজের আধুনিকায়নের উদ্দেশ্যে দাড়ি রাখার ওপর আরোপ করার সিদ্ধান্ত নেয়। কেউ যদি মুখের দাড়ি রাখতে চায় তাহলে তাকে দাড়ির ওপর কর দিতে হবে। এই করের পরিমান ব্যাক্তি ভেদে কম বেশী ছিল । যারা রাজদরবারে চাকরি করে তাদের জন্য ৫০ রুবেল, ব্যবসাহীদের জন্য ১০০ রুবেল। কর পরিশোদ করে তার পর দাড়ি রাখতে পারতো। কেউ কর না দিয়ে দাড়ি রাখলে তাকে শাস্তি পেতে হতো।
কিন্তু এই ধরনের কর রাশিয়ায় প্রথমেই নয়, এর আগে ইংল্যান্ডের রাজা অষ্টম হেনরি তাঁর বিভিন্ন যুদ্ধের (এবং বিবাহ) অর্থায়ন করতে মুখের দাড়ি রাখার ওপর কর আরোপের করার সিদ্ধান্ত নেয়। তাঁর কন্যা রানী এলিজাবেথও বাড়তি কর আদায়ের জন্য কোন ব্যক্তি দুই সপ্তাহেরও বেশি দাড়ি রাখলে কর দেয়ার প্রথা পুনরায় চালু করেন।

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